Speaking of the United States government; Christians paying taxes is right; Christians paying as little taxes as possible within the law is acceptable; Christians paying more than the minimum in taxes is wrong; Christians calling for increased taxes is terribly wrong.
During the life of Jesus, the secular political organization that ruled Israel was the Roman empire. Today the secular political organization that rules over us is the United States government. There are many differences between the two, but ultimately they are both anti-Christian political organizations. Jesus did say that we should pay taxes, “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s” (Mark 12:17), but Jesus never said that we should in any way try to increase or enlarge the amount of money that an anti-Christian political organization has. (Do not be deceived, even an anti-Christian organization can do good things, just as an evil man is capable of good works, this is not reason enough to support them monetarily.) Jesus made it clear that our money should go to enlarging his Kingdom (Matthew 6:19-21), which is not the United States government.
It is very clear from scripture that taxes were universally disdained, and that those who collected the taxes were also shunned. It is also clear that Jesus considered tax collectors bad (Mark 2:15-17, Matthew 18:17), they were considered in the same category as sinners. He specifically said they should change their ways. In fact, one of his disciples was an ex tax collector. It is unreasonable to think that as Christians we would want to empower the very people, and the organizations they gather money for, that Jesus considered bad.
All Christians should have the position that lower taxes are better than higher taxes. Do not be deceived, the money that you pay to the United States government via taxes does not do more good than that same money given to your church, or to a Christian organization. If at any time you feel like you are not giving enough of your money, then I would suggest you give more to the church you are attending.
One final thought. If you see others that have much in terms of money and property, do not forget the tenth commandment “Thou shalt not covet”. It is not your place to say how much or how little others are to give, and it is certainly wicked to want an anti-Christian political organization to forcefully remove others money and property from them. If you wish such a thing, you are no better than the man who asks a robber to steal on his behalf.